Strikes to targets on the torso may cause serious injuries and thus are less desirable as defensive strikes but there are some situations which call for drastic actions. In these situations, a downward strike may easily fracture or break the collarbone. An upward strike to the solar plexus may temporarily paralyze the diaphragm and restrict breathing. The lower set of floating ribs may be easily damaged by a upset punch. A sharp strike to the breastbone will be extremely painful due to the lack of cushioning fat or muscle. A downward strike to the top of the pelvic bone may disable an attacker. A strike to the groin, on a male or female, is painful and disabling. On a male, it may cause unconsciousness, however, sometimes any effect is delayed. If a gunman is kicked in the groin, he will be able to fire many times before the pain takes effect. A sharp strike to the kidneys may drop an opponent. A kick to the tailbone may incapacitate an attacker.
Strikes to the head should only be used in life-threatening situations. A blow to the head could prove fatal, however, the main reason for avoiding strikes to the head is because few people leave their head unguarded. Your opponent will most likely be expecting you to punch toward the head. However, if the opportunity presents itself and the situation demands it, do not hesitate to use head strikes.
Pulling the hair is an effective means of control and is the least damaging counterattack that you may use to the head. An upward palm heel strike under the point of the chin may snap the head back and possible cause serious damage to the spine or neck. Pinching the ear lobe, twisting the nose, or twisting the upper lip are also easy ways to control a person.