There are numerous Taekwondo organizations throughout the world, many of which teach different patterns. The following tables identify the pattern sets used by some major Taekwondo organizations (may not be up-to-date since organizations change requirements periodically).
Pattern sets allow students to remember hundreds of combinations of techniques. At a black belt testing where a student must perform all patterns up to and including the current rank, it means the student must remember over 600 individual pattern movements in the correct order. This is similar to taking a test with 600 questions, where one missed question results in failure. This would be almost impossible to accomplish under the stress of testing if all the movements were in one pattern. However, if the movements are broken into 20 individual patterns of 30 movements each, it would be similar to taking 20 separate 30-question tests, which is a much easier task. This grouping of individual movements into a group of integrated movements that function as a whole over and above the sum of the individual movements is called "gestalting."
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