Pseudoscience is fake science
The surest way to spot a fake is to know as much as possible about the real thing. Knowing science does not mean simply knowing scientific facts, it means understanding how science works: the criteria of evidence, the design of meaningful experiments, the weighing of possibilities, the testing of hypotheses, the establishment of theories, and the many aspects of scientific methods that make it possible to draw reliable conclusions about the physical universe. Many pseudo-masters use pseudoscience to convince students that their style of martial arts is valid. Pseudoscience often strikes educated, rational people as too nonsensical and preposterous to be dangerous; they consider it a source of amusement rather than fearing it. Unfortunately, this is not a wise attitude. Pseudoscience may be extremely dangerous, especially to the under-educated.
Every martial art student or potential student should learn about things that indicator the presence of pseudoscience.The presence of even one indicator should arouse suspicion, but pseudo-masters who exhibit none of the indicators might still be using pseudoscience.
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